Ukrainian volunteer battalions Roland and Nachtigal

The ‘Roland Battalion (GermanBattalion Ukrainische Gruppe Roland), officially known as Special Group Roland, was the subunit under command of the Abwehr special operations unit Lehrregiment “Brandenburg” z.b.V. 800. Along with the Nachtigall Battalion it was one of two military units formed on 25 February 1941 by head of the Abwehr Wilhelm Franz Canaris, which sanctioned the creation of the “Ukrainian Legion” under German command. It was manned primarily by occupied Poland citizens of Ukrainian ethnicity directed to unit by Bandera’s OUN orders .

In Germany, in November 1941 the Ukrainian personnel of the Legion was reorganized into the 201st Schutzmannschaft Battalion. It numbered 650 persons which serve for a year at Belarus before disbanding.

On 10 August 1941 the Command of the 11th Army received a telegram from Abwehr: “After consultations with the Reichsminister of the occupied territories of the East, the Roland organization should be excluded from campaign because of political reasons”

The Nachtigall Battalion (English: Nightingale Battalion), also known as the Ukrainian Nightingale Battalion Group (GermanBataillon Ukrainische Gruppe Nachtigall), or officially as Special Group Nachtigall, was the subunit under command of the German Abwehrspecial operations unit Lehrregiment “Brandenburg” z.b.V. 800. Along with the Roland Battalion it was one of two military units formed February 25, 1941 by head of the Abwehr Wilhelm Franz Canaris, which sanctioned the creation of the “Ukrainian Legion” under German command. It was composed of volunteer “Ukrainian nationalists,” Ukrainians operating under Stephan Bandera’s OUNorders.

In Germany, in November 1941 the Ukrainian personnel of the Legion was reorganized into the 201st Schutzmannschaft Battalion. It numbered 650 persons which served for one year at Belarus before disbanding.[3]

Many of its members, especially the commanding officers, went on to the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and 14 of its members joined SS-Freiwilligen-Schützen-Division «Galizien» in spring 1943

Історія Battalion Ukrainische Gruppe Nachtigal