The ‘Roland Battalion (German: Battalion Ukrainische Gruppe Roland), officially known as Special Group Roland, was the subunit under command of the Abwehr special operations unit Lehrregiment “Brandenburg” z.b.V. 800. Along with the Nachtigall Battalion it was one of two military units formed on 25 February 1941 by head of the Abwehr Wilhelm Franz Canaris, which sanctioned the creation of the “Ukrainian Legion” under German command. It was manned primarily by occupied Poland citizens of Ukrainian ethnicity directed to unit by Bandera’s OUN orders .
In Germany, in November 1941 the Ukrainian personnel of the Legion was reorganized into the 201st Schutzmannschaft Battalion. It numbered 650 persons which serve for a year at Belarus before disbanding.